Determinan Keikutsertaan Masyarakat Pada Program Vaksinasi Covid-19

  • Elpira Asmin Universitas Pattimura
  • Delsony Gerson Leunupun Universitas Pattimura
  • Eka Astuty Universitas Pattimura
Keywords: COVID-19, vaccination, community participation

Abstract

Introduction: Coronavirus Disease 2019 is an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus which is transmitted mainly through saliva or secretions from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. One way to prevent the wider spread of the COVID-19 pandemic is by vaccination. Purpose: To determine factors related to community participation in the COVID-19 vaccination program in Batu Merah State, Ambon City in 2021. Methode: This study was an analytical study using primary data with a cross-sectional approach. The sample were residents of Batu Merah State, aged 18 years, totaling 204 people taken using cluster random sampling technique. Results: As many as 59 respondents (28.9%) had received the first dose of vaccination and as many as 42 respondents (20.6%) had received the first and second doses of vaccination. Meanwhile, as many as 103 respondents (50.5%) have not been vaccinated. The role of the environment is mostly found in the supportive category, which is 136 respondents (66.7%), the most motivation is in the medium category, which is 125 respondents (61.3%), the most economic level is in the lower middle category as many as 117 respondents ( 57.4%), the highest confidence was in the medium category, which was 110 respondents (53.9%), and the most convenience was in the fairly easy category, which was 163 respondents (79.9%). Conclusion: There is a relationship between the role of the environment, motivation, economic level, confidence, convenience with community participation in the COVID-19 vaccination program in Batu Merah State, Ambon City in 2021.

References

1. Handayani D, Hadi DR, Isbaniah F, Erlina B, Agustin H. Penykit Virus Corona 2019. J Respirologi Indones [Internet]. 2020;40(2):119–29. Available from: https://jurnalrespirologi.org/index.php/jri/article/view/101
2. World Health Organization. Naming The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and The Virus That Causes It. [Internet]. 2020 [cited 11 November 2020]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance/naming-the-coronavirus-disease-(covid-2019)-and-the-virus-that-causes-it
3. Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit (P2P). Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19). Pedoman kesiapan menghadapi COVID-19 [Internet]. 2020;1–116. Available from:https://covid19.go.id/p/protokol/pedoman-pencegahan-dan-pengendalian-coronavirus-disease-covid-19

4. World Health Organization. COVID-19 Weekly Epidemiological Update 63. World Heal Organ [Internet]. 2021;1–23. Available from:https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/weekly-epidemiological-update---26-october-2021
5. Satuan Tugas Penanganan COVID19. ANALISIS DATA COVID-19 INDONESIA Update Per 17 Oktober 2021. 2021;1–330. Available from:
https://covid19.go.id/p/berita/analisis-data-covid-19-indonesia-update-17-oktober-2021

6. Satuan Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19 Kota Ambon. Data sebaran kasus COVID-19 per Desa/Kelurahan/Negeri. [Internet] 2021. [cited 31 Oktober 2021]. Available from: https://ambon.go.id/covid-19/

7. Hidayani RW. Faktor-faktor Resiko yang Berhubungan Dengan COVID-19: Literature Review. JUKMAS. 2020;4(2):121.
Available from:http://ejournal.urindo.ac.id/index.php/jukmas/article/view/1015/696

8. Tim BPS Covid-19 Statistical Task Force. Hasil Survei Perilaku Masyarakat Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 (7-14 September 2020) [Internet]. Vol. 19, Perilaku Masyarakat di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 BPS RI. 2020. 1–50 p. Available from:
https://www.bps.go.id/publication/2020/09/28/f376dc33cfcdeec4a514f09c/perilaku-masyarakat-di-masa-pandemi-covid-19.html
9. Sari IP, Sriwidodo. Perkembangan Teknologi Terkini dalam Mempercepat Produksi Vaksin COVID-19. Maj Farmasetika [Internet]. 2020;5(5):204–17. Available from: http://jurnal.unpad.ac.id/farmasetika/article/view/28082
10. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, WHO, UNICEF. Survei Penerimaan Vaksin COVID-19 di Indonesia. Satuan Gugus Tugas Penanganan COVID-19 [Internet]. 2020;(17 November):5–6.
Available from: https://covid19.go.id/p/hasil-kajian/covid-19-vaccine-acceptance-survey-indonesia

11. Sunstein C, Altieri E, Kim M, Carrasco M, Chadborn T, Gauri V, et al. Behavioural considerations for acceptance and uptake of COVID-19 vaccines [Internet]. World Health Organisation (WHO). 2020.
Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240016927

12. Succi MDCR. Vaccine refusal - what we need to know. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2018;94(6):574–81. Available from:
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29654748/

13. MacDonald EN, The SAGE Working Group on Vaccine Hesitancy. Vaccine hesitancy : Definition , scope and determinants. Vaccine. 2015;33:4161–4. Available from:
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25896383/

14. The Sage Working Group on Vaccine Hesitancy. Vaccine Hesitancy Survey Questions Related to SAGE Vaccine Hesitancy Matrix. [Internet]. 2021 [cited on 20 Juni 2021]. Available from:
https://www.who.int/immunization/programmes_systems/Survey_Questions_Hesitancy.pdf

15. Fauziah R. Motivasi Ibu Dalam Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara;2014.

16. Yan E, Lai LWD, Lee PWV. Predictors of Intention to Vaccinate against COVID-19 in the General Public in Hong Kong: Findings from a Population-Based, Cross-Sectional Survey [Internet]. 2021 [cited on 31 Oktober 2021]. Available from:
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-393X/9/7/696/htm


17. Sumiarto. Perumahan dan pemukiman, sejarah dan tantangan di depan. Jakarta: Forum perencanaan pembangunan;1993.

18. Widiastuti YP dkk. Analisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku ibu dalam memberikan imunisasi dasar kepada bayinya di desa Banyutowo Kabupaten Kendal. Jurnal PDII [internet]. 2008 [cited on 24 Oktober 2021]; 1(1):1-24. Tersedia dari: http://jurnal.pdii.lipi.go.id/admin/jurnal/ 1108714.pdf

19. Chew NWS, Cheong C, Kong G, Phua K, Ngiam JN, Tan BYQ, dkk. An Asia-Pacific study on healthcare workers’ perceptions of, and willingness to receive, the COVID-19 vaccination. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2021;106:52–60. Available from:
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2021.03.069

20. Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE). Factors influencing COVID-19 vaccine uptake among minority ethnic
groups. [Internet]. 2021 [cited on 5 Oktober 2021]. Available from:
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/952716/s0979-factors-influencing-vaccine-uptake-minority-ethnic-groups.pdf
Published
2023-01-25
How to Cite
1.
Asmin E, Leunupun DG, Eka Astuty. Determinan Keikutsertaan Masyarakat Pada Program Vaksinasi Covid-19 . woh [Internet]. 2023Jan.25 [cited 2024Mar.4];6(1):46-7. Available from: https://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/89
Section
Articles