Obesity Incidence with Body Image in Female Adolencence

  • Eriyono Budi Wijoyo Nursing Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang
  • Listia Ardiani Nursing Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang
  • Popy Irawati Nursing Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang
Keywords: Body Image;, Obesity;, Adolescents


Adolescence is when individuals explore their identities and increase their self-understanding regarding self-image. Body image increases with the individual's satisfaction, who can accept the state of the adolescent's body. One thing that can affect adolescents' body image is obesity. This study aims to determine the relationship between obesity and body image in young women at Health Vocational School, Tangerang City. The research design used is a descriptive correlation with a cross-sectional approach—data collection using the BSQ-34 questionnaire and obesity observation sheet. A total sampling technique was used to take a sample of 35 respondents. The analysis technique used in this study is Chi-Square. This study shows a relationship between obesity and body image among young women in Health Vocational School, Tangerang City. This study shows that obesity is related to body image in young women. Adolescents are expected to behave positively towards their bodies not to cause a negative body image.


1. Kunnen ES, de Ruiter NMP, Jeronimus BF, et al. Psychosocial Development in Adolescence: Insights from the Dynamic Systems Approach. Taylor & Francis, https://books.google.co.id/books?id=WSGVDwAAQBAJ (2019).
2. Sun X, Sun T. Research on Lifelong Education Based on Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory. 2021.
3. Özdemir A, Utkualp N, Palloş A. Physical and Psychosocial Effects of the Changes in Adolescence Period. Int J Caring Sci 2016; 9: 717–723.
4. Bukya T naik, Fernandez Rao S. Developmental Characteristics Of Children And Adolescents: Physical, Cognitive, Emotional And Social Aspects. Journal of Positive School Psychology 2022; 6: 866–875.
5. WHO. Obesity and overweight. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight 2021; 1–2.
6. Riskesdas K. Hasil Utama Riset Kesehata Dasar (RISKESDAS). 2018; 44: 1–200.
7. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Laporan RISKESDAS Banten 2018. Jakarta, 13 December 2019.
8. Taqiyah Y, Iftitah Alam R. Kejadian Obesitas Dengan Tingkat Dismenhore Primer Pada Remaja Putri. Nursing Jornal 2020; 01: 48–55.
9. Kansra AR, Lakkunarajah S, Jay MS. Childhood and Adolescent Obesity: A Review. Frontiers in Pediatrics; 8. Epub ahead of print 12 January 2021. DOI: 10.3389/fped.2020.581461.
10. Das JK, Salam RA, Thornburg KL, et al. Nutrition in adolescents: physiology, metabolism, and nutritional needs. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2017; 1393: 21–33.
11. Melzer K, Heydenreich J, Schutz Y, et al. Metabolic equivalent in adolescents, active adults and pregnant women. Nutrients; 8. Epub ahead of print 20 July 2016. DOI: 10.3390/nu8070438.
12. Toselli S, Grigoletto A, Zaccagni L, et al. Body image perception and body composition in early adolescents: a longitudinal study of an Italian cohort. BMC Public Health; 21. Epub ahead of print 1 December 2021. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-11458-5.
13. Pandu SY. Konsep Diri Remaja Putri Yang Mengalami Obesitas. Psikovidya 2014; 18: 107–131.
14. Ramos P, Moreno-Maldonado C, Moreno C, et al. The role of body image in internalizing mental health problems in spanish adolescents: An analysis according to sex, age, and socioeconomic status. Front Psychol; 10. Epub ahead of print 2019. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01952.
15. Christian P, Smith ER. Adolescent Undernutrition: Global Burden, Physiology, and Nutritional Risks. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2018; 72: 316–328.
16. Christian P, Smith ER. Adolescent Undernutrition: Global Burden, Physiology, and Nutritional Risks. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2018; 72: 316–328.
17. Creswell JW, Creswell JD. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches - John W. Creswell, J. David Creswell - Google Books. SAGE Publications, Inc.
18. Lupitasari L. Hubungan antara Harga Diri dan Citra Tubuh pada Remaja Putri Kelas X SMA. Acta Psychologia 2019; 1: 162–167.
19. Alidia F. Body Image Siswa Ditinjau dari Gender. Jurnal Tarbawi: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan 2018; 14: 79–92.
20. Jasik CB. Body image and health. eating disorders and obesity. Primary Care - Clinics in Office Practice 2014; 41: 519–537.
21. Wulandari S, Lestari H, Fachlevy AF. Faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Obesitas pada Remaja di SMA Negeri 4 Kendari 2016. 2017.
22. Reel J, Voelker D, Greenleaf C. Weight status and body image perceptions in adolescents: current perspectives. Adolesc Health Med Ther 2015; 149.
23. Bryant A. The Effect of Social Media on the Physical, Social Emotional, and Cognitive Development of Adolescents, https://scholarworks.merrimack.edu/honors_capstoneshttps://scholarworks.merrimack.edu/honors_capstones/37 (2018).
24. Sholikhah DM. Hubungan Antara Body Image dan Kebiasaan Makan Dengan Status Gizi Remaja. UNES Journal of Scientech Research 2019; 4: 27–34.
25. Rosidawati R, Pudjiati P, Prayetni P. Hubungan Indeks Masa Tubuh (IMT) Dengan Body Image Pada Siswa SMA PGRI Jakarta Timur. JKEP 2019; 4: 114–124.
26. Astutik W, Ratih GA, Wardani K. Body Image Siswa-Siswi yang Mengalami Obesitas di SMA Negeri 8 Denpasar. Community of Publishing in Nursing (COPING) 2020; 8: 219–223.
27. Ramanda R, Akbar Z, Murti Kusuma Wirasti RA. Studi Kepustakaan Mengenai Landasan Teori Body Image. Jurnal Edukasi: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling 2019; 5: 121–135.
How to Cite
Wijoyo EB, Listia Ardiani, Popy Irawati. Obesity Incidence with Body Image in Female Adolencence . woh [Internet]. 2024Apr.25 [cited 2024May23];:168-75. Available from: https://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/736