Controlling Model For Risk Factors Of Stunting Incident

  • Lisma Evareny Eva Poltekkes Kemenkes Padang Prodi D3 Kebidanan Bukittinggi
  • Hasriwiani Habo Abbas Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia
  • Fitrina Bachtar Program Studi Kebidanan Bukittinggi Poltekkes Kemenkes Padang
Keywords: Stunting, Risk Factors, Model

Abstract

Stunting is the condition where the children have stunted growth and development refers to weight/age (TB/U). In 2015-2017, there were 19,4%, 18,9% and 21,3% cases in West Sumatra. Pasaman district had the highest percentage of stunting from 19 Cities in West Sumatera, which is 21,1%, 25,7%, and 25% cases. The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factor control model for stunting in toddlers in the Pasaman district. This study was an observational analytic study with an unmatched case-control design. The subject of this study was the 35 families who had children 12-59 months with stunting cases and another 35 group control in Pasaman district. Data were collected by using a questionnaire to measure stunting risk factors. Data was analyzed by using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis with regression and backward methods. The result of the study showed that “father education level” as a stunting risk factor had a P value=0,048 and “family income” with P value = 0,015, while history of birth weight had a P value of 0,08. The final result (sixth step) showed that the baby's birth weight variable had the odds ratio eβ=31,578 when analyzed simultaneously with another variable (parenting and father’s education level). Conclusion: baby birth weight variable simultaneously with parenting and the father’s educational level affected the incident of stunting in toddlers (eβ=31,578). It is necessary to increase family empowerment to control the cases of stunting related to the nutrition of pregnant mothers by improved child care, parenting in feeding, and increased family income.

References

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
1. Beal, T. et al. (2018) ‘A review of child stunting determinants in Indonesia’, Maternal and Child Nutrition, 14(4), pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12617.
2. Djauhari, T. (2017) ‘Gizi dan 1000 HPK’, 13, pp. 125–133. doi: https://doi.org/10.22219/sm.v13i2.5554.
3. Lemeshow, S., Hosmer jr, D.W., Klar, J. & Lwanga, S.K. (1997) Besar sampel dalam penelitian kesehatan. Alih bahasa Pramono, D. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press
4. Lawrence, R.A. & Lawrence, R.M. ( 2005 ) Breastfeeding: a guide for the medical profession. 6th edition. Philadellphia,USA: Mosby Inc.
5. Kementerian Desa Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi (2017) Buku Saku Desa dalam Penanganan Stunting. Edited by Kementerian Desa Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi. Jakarta: Kement.
6. Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Kesejahteraan Rakyat (2013) Kerangka Kebijakan Gerakan Nasional Percepatan Perbaikan Gizi dalam Rangka Seribu Hari Pertama Kehidupan (Gerakan 1000 HPK). Jakarta.
7. Kementrian Kesehatan RI (2016) Situasi Balita Pendek, Info Datin. Jakarta. doi: ISSN 2442-7659.
8. Marini, A. and Rokx, C. (2016) Standing Tall: Peru’s Success in Overcoming its Stunting Crisis, Public Dissclosure.
9. MCA Indonesia (2013) ‘Stunting dan Masa Depan Indonesia’, Millennium Challenge Account - Indonesia, 2010, pp. 2–5. Available at: www.mca-indonesia.go.id.
10. Mikkelsen, B. E., Novotny, R. and Gittelsohn, J. (2016) ‘Multi-level, multi-component approaches to community based interventions for healthy living—a three case comparison’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(10), pp. 1–18. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13101023.
11. Nasional, K. P. P. (2011) Pertanyaan yang Sering Muncul Seputar Gerakan Nasional Percepatan Perbaikan Gizi dalam Rangka 1000 HPK. Jakarta.
12. Region, S. A. (2018) Reducing Stunting.
13. Sartono (2013) ‘Hubungan Kurang Energi Kronis Ibu Hamil dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Usia 6-24 Bulan di Kota Yogyakarta’, (2008), pp. 1–6
14. Sekretariat Wakil Presiden RI (2017) 100 Kabupaten/Kota Prioritas untuk Intervensi Anak Kerdil (Stunting). Jakarta.
15. Senbanjo, I. O. et al. (2013) ‘Maternal and child under-nutrition in rural and urban communities of Lagos state , Nigeria : the relationship and risk factors’, Biomed Central, 6, p. 10. doi: https://dx.https://dx.doi.org/10.1186%2F1756-0500-6-286.
16. Sumbar, D. P. (2018) Laporan Status Gizi Balita dan Data Indikator Gizi Kab/Kota. Padang.
17. Trihono et al. (2015) Pendek (Stunting) di Indonesia, Masalah dan Solusi, Lembaga Penerbit Balitbangkes.
18. WHO (2014) What’s At Stake, Who.Int. doi: 10.1111/evo.12990.
19. World Health Organization. (2014) Childhood Stunting: Challenges and opportunities. Report of a Promoting Healthy Growth and Preventing Childhood Stunting colloquium., WHO Geneva.
20. Zaif, R. M., Wijaya, M. and Hilmanto, D. (2016) ‘Hubungan Antara Riwayat Status Gizi Ibu Masa Kehamilan dengan Pertumbuhan Anak Balita di Kecamatan Soreang Kabupaten Bandung’, Jsk, 2(3), pp. 156–163.
Published
2024-01-24
How to Cite
1.
Eva LE, Abbas HH, Bachtar F. Controlling Model For Risk Factors Of Stunting Incident . woh [Internet]. 2024Jan.24 [cited 2024Jul.25];7(1):44-. Available from: https://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/731
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)