Pengaruh Latihan Dan Kadar Glukosa Darah Puasa Awal Terhadap Kondisi Biofisiologis Penyandang Overweight

  • Ajitama Wirastyawan 2Program Studi Ilmu Keolahragaan, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Wara Kushartanti
Keywords: Exercise; Baseline fasting blood glucose; biophysiological; overweight.

Abstract

This research was aimed to knowthe difference of:  (1) effect between fartlek and jogging in improving biochemical and physiological conditions,(2) effect of normal and high fasting blood glucose levels in exercising to improve the biochemical and physiological conditions, (3)the better groups in improving the biochemical and physiological conditions of the overweight.This research is an experimental research using 2x2 design. The subjects were the people of Pakembinangun, 30-40 years old of male withoverweight. The samplewas determined using purposive sampling technique with 20 respondents. The instrumentsused were a glucose meter, a digital sphygmomanometer,and a tape measure. Data analysis used two-way ANOVA.The results of the research show that:(1) there was significant difference of effect between fartlek and jogging in improving biochemical and physiological conditions. Fartlek was better used to lower fasting blood glucose levels, while jogging was better  to lower cholesterol, blood pressure, abdominal circumference and BMI,(2) there was a significant difference in the effect of normal and high fasting blood glucose levels in performing exercise to improve the biochemical and physiological conditions. The condition of normal baseline fasting blood glucose levels was better in doing exercise to improve biochemical and physiological conditions,(3) the groups who were given fartlek exercise with high initial fasting blood glucose levels were better in lowering fasting blood glucose levels, while the groups who were given jogging with normal fasting blood glucose levels were better in lowering blood cholesterol, blood pressure, abdominal circumference and BMI.

References

1. Giriwijoyo, Santosa, and Dikdik Zafar Sidik. Ilmu kesehatan olahraga. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2012.
2. Mann, Jim, and A. Stewart Truswell, eds. Essentials of human nutrition. Oxford University Press, 2017.
3. Kurniawati, Yulia, Rudi Fakhriadi, and Fahrini Yulidasari. Hubungan Antara Pola Makan, Asupan Energi, Aktivitas Fisik, Dan Durasi Tidur Dengan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Polisi. Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia 3.3 (2016).
4. Muhammad, Harry Freitag Luglio. Obesitas Translasional: Aspek Klinis Dan Molekuler Dari Kejadian Obesitas. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 2017.
5. Dwicahya, Nanda, and Fatkurahman Arjuna. Pengaruh Latihan Circuit Bodyweight Terhadap Kebugaran Jasmani, Indeks Massa Tubuh, Persentase Lemak Tubuh Dan Fleksibilitas. MEDIKORA 16.1 (2017).
6. Indriyawati, Nina, et al. Skrining Dan Pendampingan Pencegahan Penyakit Tidak Menular Di Masyarakat. Link 14.1 (2018): 50-54.
7. Sari, Yanita Nur Indah, and Indah Nur. Berdamai dengan hipertensi. Jakarta: Bumi Medika (2017).
8. Fadilah, R. A., and Ervi Suci. Pengalaman Penderita Dm Dalam Melakukan Senam Dm Untuk Membantu Menurunkan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Kelompok Senam Diabetik Di Kelompok Senam Diabetes Melitus Rumah Sakit Umum Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. Jurnal Kesehatan Dan Pembangunan 8.16 (2018): 44-55.
9. Yanuita, Ratna Endi, and BM Wara Kushartanti. Pengembangan model latihan relaksasi yochiho bagi penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2. Jurnal Keolahragaan 3.1 (2015): 91-105.
10. Laksono, Heru, et al. Hubungan Obesitas Dan Kebiasaan Olah Raga Dengan Kapasitas Paru Mahasiswa Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu Tahun 2017. Journal of Nursing and Public Health 7.1 (2019): 64-70.
11. Krisnata, Atik Nur Anawati, et al. Pengaruh Senam Pilates Terhadap Penurunan Lingkar Pinggang Pada Wanita Usia 40-50 Tahun. Diss. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2014.
12. Saputra, Surya Adi. "Menjaga Imunitas dan Kesehatan Tubuh melalui Olahraga yang Efektif." Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan STKIP Kusuma Negara II. 2020.
13. Lubis, Basyariah, et al. Pengaruh Senam Lansia Terhadap Kadar Gula Pada Penderita Diabetes Militus. Jurnal Penelitian Kebidanan & Kespro 2.2 (2020): 67-73.
14. Himmah, Siti Cholishotul. Pengaruh Pola Makan dan Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Klinik Aulia Jombang. Diss. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya, 2020.
15. Purwandari, Henny. Hubungan obesitas dengan kadar gula darah pada karyawan di RS Tingkat IV Madiun. Jurnal Efektor 25.1 (2014): 66.
Published
2021-07-25
How to Cite
Wirastyawan, A., & Kushartanti, W. (2021). Pengaruh Latihan Dan Kadar Glukosa Darah Puasa Awal Terhadap Kondisi Biofisiologis Penyandang Overweight. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 248-260. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v4i03.605
Section
Articles