Prilaku Kemandirian Pangan Keluarga: Preventif Stunting

  • Yarmaliza Yarmaliza Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Teuku Umar
  • Teungku Nih Farisni Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Teuku Umar
  • Fitriani Fitriani Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Teuku Umar
  • Zakiyuddin Zakiyuddin Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Teuku Umar
  • Fitrah Reynaldi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Teuku Umar
  • Veni Nella Syahputri lmu Administrasi Negara, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Politik, Universitas Teuku Umar
Keywords: Balita, Kemandirian Pangan, Prilaku ibu, Stunting

Abstract

Stunting is a condition of malnutrition that is related to the inadequacy of nutrients in the past so that it is a chronic nutritional problem. Kuala Pesisir sub-district has a stunting prevalence in 2017, namely 39.2%. Purwodadi Village contributed the highest stunting cases, namely 66 under five with stunting. The research objective was to determine the effect of mother's knowledge and work on the behavior of family food independence as an effort to prevent stunting in toddlers in Purwodadi Village, Kuala Pesisir District, Nagan Raya Regency. This study used a cross-sectional design with a total population of 75 mothers who came from poor families and had children under five. The sample was taken using a total sampling technique of 75 mothers from poor families. The data were analyzed using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis using multiple linear regression tests. The results showed a relationship between knowledge and work of mothers on the behavior of family food independence as an effort to prevent stunting in children under five (P. Value <0.05). The results of multivariate analysis show that maternal knowledge has a stronger influence on the behavior of family food independence (Ex. B. 26, 32). The conclusion is that there is a very significant relationship between knowledge and work of mothers on the behavior of family food independence. Mother's knowledge gives a stronger influence on the behavior of family food independence as an effort to prevent stunting in toddlers. It is necessary to improve the education program for the community about the importance of family food independence in preventing stunting in children under five.

References

1.Riset, Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas). Proporsi Kejadian Stunting. 2018;
2. Permatasari O, Murwani R, Rahfiludin MZ. Tempe nuggets provision improves energy adequacy and protein intake in underweight underfive children. Curr Res Nutr Food Sci. 2018;6(1):89–96.
3. Farah Okky Aridiyah, Ninna Rohmawati MR. Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Balita di Wilayah pesedaan dan perkotaan. 2015;3(1):164–70.
4. Profil Dinkes Aceh. 2017;
5. Yarmaliza. The effects of improper household waste management by mothers on the genesis of diarrhea in toddlers. J Int Dent Med Res. 2018;11(3)
6. Septamarini RG, Widyastuti N, Purwanti R. Hubungan Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Responsive Feeding Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Baduta Usia 6-24 Bulan Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo, Semarang. J Nutr Coll. 2019;8(1):9.
7. Williamson C. Nutrition in Pregnancy. Nutr Bul. 2006;3(1):28–59.
8. Aryastami TI dan. Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Perilaku Ibu Bayi Terhadap Pemberian ASI Eksklusif. Bul Penelit Sist Kesehat. 2017;15(4):390–7.
9. Yarmaliza Y, Syahputri VN. KALDU TEMPE SEBAGAI INTERVENSI SPESIFIK DALAM PENCEGAHAN STUNTING. J Kesehat. 2020;11(1):001–7
10. Hestuningtyas T.R NE. Pengaruh konseling gizi terhadap pengetahuan, sikap, praktik ibu dalam pemberian makan anak, dan asupan zat gizi anak stunting usia 1-2 tahun di kecamtan Semarang timur. J Nutr Coll. 2014;3(1):12–25
11. Manggala, A. K., Kenwa, K. W., Kenwa, M. M., Sakti, A. A., & Sawitri AA. Risk factors of stunting in children aged 24-59 months. Paediatr Indones. 2018;58(5)
12. Hestuningtyas T.R NE. Pengaruh konseling gizi terhadap pengetahuan, sikap, praktik ibudalam pemberian makan anak, dan asupan zat gizi anak stunting usia 1-2 tahun di kecamtan Semarang timur. Journal of Nutrition College, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Tahun 2014, Halam 12-25. http://ejou. 2014;
13. Olsa ED, Sulastri D AE. Hubungan Sikap dan Pengetahuan Ibu Terhadap Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Baru Masuk Sekolah Dasar di Kecamanatan Nanggalo. J Kesehat Andalas. 2017;6(3).
14. Lailatul, M., & Ni’mah. C. Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan, Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Pola Asuh Ibu dengan Wasting dan Stunting pada Balita Keluarga Miskin. Media Gizi Indones. 2015;10(1):84–90.
15. Ni’mah, Khoirun SRN. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting balita. Media Gizi Indones. 2015;1:13–9
16. Fitriani F, Yarmaliza Y. Perbedaan Perilaku Feeding Practice Ibu Baduta Terhadap Preventif Stunting 1000 Hari Pertama Kehidupan. J Kesehat. 2020;11(1)
17. Rahmawati, R., Fauziah, A., Tanziha, I., Hardinsyah, H., & Briawan, D. (2018). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Final Stunting Stunting Events. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 90-96. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v0i0.31
18. Sari M, Pee Sd, Bloem MW, Sun K, ThormeLyman AL, MoenchPfanner R. Higher Household expenditure on animal-source and nongrain foods lowers the risk of stunting among children 0- 59 months old in Indonesia : Implications of Rising Food Prices. J Nutr. 2010;
19. Arman, A., & Sumiaty, S. Intake Zat Gizi Dan Jarak Kehamilan Terhadap Anemia Pada Ibu Hamil Di Kabupaten Pangkep. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 2021, 186-194. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v0i0.656
20. Aisyah. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Stunting Pada Anak Kelas Satu Di SdiTaqwiyatul Wathon, Daerah Pesisir Kota Semarang. ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jkm/article/view/22972/21009 ; 2018. 2018;
21. Longvah T, Khutsoh B, Meshram II, Krishna S, Kodali V, Roy P, et al. Mother and child nutrition among the Chakhesang tribe in the state of Nagaland, North-East India. Matern Child Nutr. 2017;13(August 2017):1–12
22. Widanti YA. Faktor resiko dan dampak stunting Balita. 2013;1(18):23–8
23. Ahmad, A., Azis, A., & Fadli, F. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Balita di Kabupten Sidrap tahun 2020. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 195-203. 2021 https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v4i03.448
24. Andriana. Tumbuh Kembang Dan Terapi Bermainpada Anak. Jakarta: Salemba Medika. 2013
25. Fitriana Ikhtirinawati Fajrin. Kepatuhan Konsumsi Zat Besi (Fe) Terhdap Kejadian Anemia Pada Ibu Hamil 2020. Window Of Health Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 3 No 4 Oktober (2020): . Available From Http:// jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/364
26.Olsa ED, Sulastri D, Anas E. Hubungan Sikap dan Pengetahuan Ibu Terhadap Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Baru Masuk Sekolah Dasar di Kecamanatan Nanggalo. J Kesehat Andalas. 2017;6(3):523–9.
27. Harika SLH 1 RK, Eilander A, Osendarp SJM. Essential fats: how do they affect growth and development of infants and young children in developing countries? A literature review. Matern Child Nutr. 2011;7(3):44–65
28. Husaini M. Karakteristik sosial ekonomi rumah tangga dan tingkat ketahanan pangan rumah tangga petani di Kabupaten Barito Kuala. Agrides. 2014;4(2)
29. Ariani, M. dan Pitono J. Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan: Kinerja dan Perspektif Ke Depan. Diversifikasi Pangan dan transformasi Pembangunan Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian. Jakarta. 2014.
Published
2021-10-25
How to Cite
Yarmaliza, Y., Farisni, T., Fitriani, F., Zakiyuddin, Z., Reynaldi, F., & Syahputri, V. (2021). Prilaku Kemandirian Pangan Keluarga: Preventif Stunting. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 4(04), 314-325. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v4i04.597
Section
Articles