Relationship Between Status Of Nutrition And Pattern Of Menstruation With Anemia Occurrence In The Study Program Of DIII Midwifery Universitas Muslim Indonesia
One way to improve nutritional status is to consume herbal ingredients that are expected to be based on Riskesdas (2013), it was reported that the national anemia rate was 21.7%, where 18.4% occurred in males and 23.9% occurred in women. Iron deficiency anemia is the most prevalent nutritional problem in the world and affects more than 600 million people. Of all age groups, women have the highest risk for anemia, especially young women. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional status (BMI) and menstrual pattern (Lama & menstrual cycle) to the incidence of anemia in Young Women in Programs Study DIII Midwifery Muslim University of Indonesia. The type of this research is analytic observational research with cross sectional study approach to know the relationship of nutritional status and menstrual pattern with the incidence of anemia. Sampling in this research use sampling technique probability sampling by way of simple random sampling (simple random sampling). The population in the study were all female students of DIII Midwifery Produce, which amounted to 132 students and the sample amounted to 58 students. The results of this study found that there is no significant relationship between student's nutritional status and the incidence of anemia. This can be seen from the results of statistical tests that obtained p value of 0.306. In this study nutritional status no significant relationship with the incidence of anemia, this is because the student who has normal nutritional status obtained as much as 61.3% experienced anemia although in the case of lean students obtained 66.7% also experienced anemia. These results indicate that there is no difference in percentage between normal nutritional status with female students who have skinny nutritional status experienced anemia. The results of this study indicate that as many as 65.5% of female students have regular menstrual cycles, but also some students who have a short menstrual cycle (<21 days) of 12.1% and length (> 35 days) as much as 22.4% . Menstrual cycles in adolescents are very easily influenced by the atmosphere of his life, such as fatigue due to activity in school age / age and the influence of high stress. This will interfere with the menstrual cycle and will easily affect the amount and duration of blood out. The result of statistical test shows that there is no significant relationship between menstrual period with the status of anemic of DIII midwifery of the Faculty of Public Health of Muslim University of Indonesia
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