Efektivitas Senam Siginjai Terhadap Penurunan Gula Darah Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Di Kota Jambi
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is one of the 10 biggest diseases in Jambi City. One of the treatments to prevent the emergence of new cases and prevent complications is to increase physical activity, including physical exercise. Siginjai Gymnastic is one of the variations of typical Jambi physical activity that is recommended and started to be socialized in September 2017. This study aims to identify the effectiveness of Siginjai Gymnastic in reducing blood sugar levels. This type of research was a quasi-experimental design with a pretest and post test non-equivalent control group design. A total of 60 respondents as the intervention group (Siginjai Gymnastic) and 60 people as the control group (Diabetes Gymnastic) were willing to participate in this research activity. Data collection tools in the form of questionnaires, weight scales, microtois, audiovisual media and a glucometer. Data analysis used in this activity including paired t-test to observe for differences in blood sugar levels before and after exercise, and the Mann-Whitney test to observe differences in blood sugar reduction in different groups. Most of the respondents are women aged over 55 years, did not have a smoking habit and had a normal BMI category. The average decrease in blood sugar levels before and after participating in exercise was 16.783 in Siginjai Gymnastic group, while in Diabetes Gymnastic group the average was 18.083. The statistical test showed that there was a significant effect from doing both gymnastic activity (p-value 0.00) on reducing blood sugar levels. There was no significant difference between both exercise groups (p-value 0.128) in terms of their ability to lower blood sugar levels. Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that Siginjai Gymnastic was effective enough to lowering blood sugar levels in tyoe 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Key words: Diabetes; siginjai gymnastic; sugar; blood
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