Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh <p><span style="font-family: helvetica; font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: helvetica; font-size: medium;">Window of Health :&nbsp;The Journal of Health is a publication of scientific work in the field of health in a broad sense such as public health, nursing, midwifery, medicine, pharmacy, health psychology, nutrition, health technology, health analysis, health information systems, medical records, hospital management and so on. In addition, the Journal was first established since 2017 by the Institute of Study and Management Center Journal of the Faculty of Public Health University Muslim Indonesia located in Makassar, South Sulawesi. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan published on January, April, July and October with <strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1513603694&amp;1&amp;&amp;">E-ISSN 2614-5375</a></strong>. This journal has also collaborated with <a href="https://persakmi.or.id/jaringan-pengelola-jurnal-ilmiah-jpji-persakmi/"><strong>Persatuan Sarjana Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PERSAKMI)</strong></a> <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/15vZ4bHY7U224vjXYMq4BJ8gQ5RdX6VKP/view?usp=sharing"><strong>Number: 03/KEP/PP-PERSAKMI/C/IX/2018</strong></a>, in terms of assisting the advancement of public health sciences and disseminating research results. Window Of Health: Jurnal Kesehatan has been Accredited Nationally <a href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=5997"><strong>Ranked Third</strong></a> by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education <a href="http://arjuna.ristekdikti.go.id/files/info/fea37d5e83ce411021c096e1f60f7dd23a6b648e.pdf"><strong>Number&nbsp; : 36/E/KPT/2019</strong></a> Regarding The scientific journals Accreditation Ranking Of The Period VII 2019.<br></span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muslim Indonesia en-US Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan 2614-5375 <p>All articles published Open Access are free for everyone to read and download. Under the CC-BY-SA license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their article, but authors grant others permission to use the content of publications in WoH in whole or in part provided that the original work is properly cited.</p> <p>Users (redistributors) of WoH are required to cite the original source, including the author's names, WoH as the initial source of publication, year of publication, and volume number</p> Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Jintan Hitam (Nigella Sativa) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus Aureus Pada Medium MHA (Mueller Hinton Agar) http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/204 <p><em>Indonesia is a developing country facing infectious diseases. Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen in humans and almost every person who has been infected with Staphylococcus aureus varies in weight, ranging from snacks to weight that can help people. However, given the antibiotic resistance rates, the use of alternative medicinal plants is a safer choice. This study tries to understand the efficacy of black cumin extract in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This research is an experimental post-test study using the disc diffusion method to see how to use Black Cumin Extract (Nigella sativa) as an antimicrobial against Staphylococcus aureus in vitro. Black cumin extract obtained the highest inhibition zone at 100% concentration with a mean inhibition zone of 24 mm, while the lowest inhibition zone at a concentration of 25% with an average inhibition zone of 10 mm. A positive control using chloramphenicol antibiotics used a mean inhibition zone of 30 mm that is sensitive to bacterial growth, whereas in negative controls using distilled zone no inhibition is formed. Compared with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria by giving black cumin extract at all concentrations. It is necessary to test the activity of black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa) against other Gram-negative bacteria. We recommend that in the process of making black cumin extract, use of spectrometry tools with the chromatography method to avoid errors in making extracts.</em></p> Armanto Makmun Zulfiyah Surdam Andi Mufida Gunawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 1 9 10.33368/woh.v0i0.204 Hubungan Faktor Pendukung Customer Relationship Manajemen dengan Loyalitas Pasien Poli Interna Ratulangi Medical Centre http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/220 <p><em>Customer Relationship Management aims to process adaptation between clinics and customers. So any clinic is actually responsible for running a Customer Relationship Management program, every division, every clinic and every service worker must know about the program, its goals, and most importantly what their role is and how they can contribute to running the program. Based on the description above, it is necessary to conduct research aimed at identifying the Relationship between Supporting Factors of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) and Patient Loyalty at the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) Clinic in Makassar City. This research is a quantitative study using analytical surveys with a cross-sectional study design that is a research design that studies the relationship between independent variables (service clerks, service processes, service technology) and the dependent variable (patient loyalty). The population of this study was a visit of patients at the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) internal poly clinic in Makassar City who used health services in 2017, namely 1296 patients with a sample of 117 patients. The method of collecting samples is done by random sampling. Based on the results of the statistical test, the value of each service worker is p = 0.559, the service process p = 0.740, and service technology p = 0.760. All variables are not related to Customer Relationship Management (CRM) factors with patient loyalty at the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) internal poly clinic. This can be seen by the decision of the patient's loyalty level, most of which looked at the aspect of the service staff owned by the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) clinic. Regarding service officers, most of the patients agreed that the officers were able to provide the ability, skills and friendliness to patients at the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) Clinic. The service process for most patients agrees that the service process is easy to do. Helping officers to better recognize and establish close relationships with patients. The process dimension is formed due to the identification of profiles, communication with customers, and handling patient complaints at the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) Clinic. Service technology, some patients agree that easy service technology to obtain information, helps accelerate and optimize human factors and business processes in relationship management activities with patients at the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) Clinic. The conclusion of the study is that there is no relationship between the supporting factors of Customer Relationship Management (service personnel, service processes, and service technology) and patient loyalty at the Ratulangi Medical Center (RMC) clinic in Makassar in 2018.</em></p> Nurfardiansyah Burhanuddin Sartika Suyuti ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 10 17 10.33368/woh.v0i0.220 Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Penyedia Makanan Terhadap Pelaksanaan Perilaku Hidup Bersih Dan Sehat Di Warung Kecamatan Panyabungan http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/219 <p><em>Decreasing the implementation of clean and healthy live behavior is caused by factors of knowledge, attitude, personal hygiene, clean water facilities, and cleanliness of food equipment, as well as waste management facilities. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the behavior of food providers towards the implementation of clean and healthy life behavior in the stalls of Panyabungan District, Mandailing Natal District. This research is a survey with cross sectional approach. The population in this study are all stalls that provide food, as many as 50 stalls. The number of samples in this study were 50 stalls with a total sampling technique. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed with univariate, bivariate (chi square test), and multivariate analysis (logistic regression tests). The results showed that low knowledge as much as 52.0% with p value = 0.003 and OR 22.360, bad attitude as much as 56.0% with p value = 0.034 and OR 3.114, bad personal hygiene as much as 70.0% with p value = 0.002 and OR 11.440, clean water facilities did not meet the requirements as much as 66.0% with a value of p = 0.036 and OR 9.067, poor food equipment hygiene as much as 66.0% with a value of p = 0.007, and the majority of waste management facilities did not meet the requirements as much as 62.0% with a value of p = 0.238 and OR 9,202. The conclusion of this study is that there is a relationship of knowledge, attitudes, personal hygiene, clean water facilities, and cleanliness of food equipment with the implementation of clean and healthy life behaviors. The most dominant variable influencing the behavior of food providers is knowledge. Health workers are expected to hold counseling and health promotion regarding clean and healthy life behavior</em>.</p> Cipto Marianto Sihombing Ismail Efendy Anto Jamma Hadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 18 27 10.33368/woh.v0i0.219 Pengontrolan Diet Pasien Yang Didiagnosis Dengan Diabetes Mellitus Sebagai Dasar Program Konseling http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/229 <p>Diabetes is a serious life-long health condition that occurs when the amount of glucose in the blood is too high. The purpose of this study was the assessment of the dietary control of patients with diabetes mellitus to proposed a counseling program. The descriptive survey research design was used. Seventy-two (72) respondents were taken as subjects. The frequency and percentage, weight mean, and chi-square were used to treat quantitative data. Assessment rating for the dietary control ranges from “very high degree” to “low degree”. There is no significant difference of the dietary control according to age, gender, and history of smoking. But then, there is a significant difference on the dietary control of participants when grouped according to blood sugar levels and body mass index. The assessment of this dietary control is considered to be an effective approach to address diabetes mellitus patients varied conditions through a counseling program.</p> Amriati Mutmainna ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 28 37 10.33368/woh.v0i0.229 Perbedaan Focus Group Discussion Dan Brainstorming Terhadap Pencegahan Bullying Di Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 2 Karangtengah http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/245 <p>Perilaku<em> bullying </em>&nbsp;pada remaja di sekolah menengah pertama memilki dampak yang serius terhadap pelaku maupun korban, dampaknya akan terasa hingga dewasa. Kasus <em>bullying</em> di Indonesia tahun 2018 sebesar 47.9%. Tujuan penelitian ini mengetahui perbedaan pendidikan kesehatan dengan metode <em>Focus Group Discussion</em> (FGD) dan <em>brainstorming</em> dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan remaja tentang pencegahan <em>bullying </em>di Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 2 Karangtengah Cianjur tahun 2019. Jenis penelitian ini adalah <em>quasi experiment </em>dengan rancangan penelitian <em>two group pret</em><em>e</em><em>st-postest design</em>. Populasi penelitian sebanyak 300 remaja Sekolah Menengah Pertama kelas VII. Teknik besar sampel menggunakan rumus estimasi pada satu populasi, sehingga besar sampel sebanyak 15 responden untuk kelompok <em>Focus Group Discussion</em> dan 15 responden untuk kelompok <em>brainstorming</em>. Metode pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah teknik <em>systematic random sampling </em>untuk menentukan sampel pada masing-masing kelas. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data adalah kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan <em>u</em><em>ji Wilcoxon</em> dan <em>Man Whitney.</em> Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada pengaruh metode <em>Focus Group Discussion</em> dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang pencegahan <em>bullying </em>&nbsp;(<em>p=</em>0.001), ada pengaruh metode <em>brainstorming</em> dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang pencegahan <em>bullying </em>&nbsp;(<em>p=</em>0.003) dan tidak ada perbedaan antara metode <em>Focus Group Discussion</em> dan <em>brainstorming </em>dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan<em> (p=</em>0.210). Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa metode <em>Focus Group Discussion</em> dan <em>brainstorming</em> tidak memiliki perbedaan terhadap pencegahan <em>bullying </em>. Saran untuk institusi sekolah agar dapat menerapkan metode <em>Focus Group Discussion</em> dan <em>brainstorming </em>dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan siswa tentang pencegahan <em>bullying</em>.</p> Agung Sutriyawan Intan Permata Sari ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 38 48 10.33368/woh.v0i0.245 Pengaruh Pelaksanaan Terapi Spiritual Terhadap Kemampuan Pasien Mengontrol Perilaku Kekerasan http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/250 <p><em>Nurses can control the violent behavior of patients by taking action, one of which is spiritual or religious therapy. The form of spiritual therapy in this study is dzikir and listening to the recitation of the Qur'an surah Ar-Rahman. This study aims to determine the effect of implementing spiritual therapy on the ability of patients to control violent behavior in the Walnuts Room of RSKD Dadi, South Sulawesi Province. The research design used in this study is the Pre Experimental One Group Pretest-Posttest Design method, namely the research design that has Pre-test before being given treatment and Post-test after being treated. The research instrument used observation sheets of signs and symptoms that appeared in patients before and after being given spiritual therapy. The sample was determined by using purposive sampling technique with a sample size of 20 patients. The influence test was carried out by using the Wilcoxon statistical test with a value of p &lt;0.05. The results showed that there was a significant influence between the implementation of spiritual therapy on the ability of patients to control violent behavior wherein the results of the Wilcoxon test were obtained (p = 0.003) α &lt;0.05. The average ability to control violent behavior before spiritual therapy is 9 patients while the average after doing spiritual therapy is as many as 11 patients. The conclusion of this study is that there is an influence between the implementation of spiritual therapy on the ability of patients to control violent behavior in the canary room of RSKD Dadi, South Sulawesi Province. It is expected for nurses to further increase the provision of spiritual therapy to the patient's ability to control violent behavior.</em></p> Ernawati Ernawati Samsualam Samsualam Suhermi Suhermi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 49 56 10.33368/woh.v0i0.250 Uji Aktivitas Antikolesterol Ekstrak Etanol Daun Gedi (Abelmoschus Manihot L. Medik) Secara In Vitro http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/216 <p><em>Lifestyle changes, including eating patterns, have caused traditional diets to shift to western diets such as fast foods that contain lots of calories, fat, and cholesterol. One of the plants that are often used by the community as medicine is Gedi (Abelmoschus Manihot (L.) Medik). Gedi (Abelmoschus Manihot (L.) Medik) leaves are empirically used to treat kidney pain, reduce cholesterol, and ulcers. Gedi (Abelmoschus Manihot (L.) Medik) leaves contain compounds that have the efficacy of flavonoids that can be used as cholesterol-lowering agents. This study aims to determine the anti-cholesterol activity of Gedi leaf extract (Abelmoschus Manihot (L.) Medik) in vitro and determine the EC50 value. Samples were extracted by maceration method using 96% ethanol solvent with 9% extract extraction obtained. The extract obtained was analyzed anticolesterol activity by the Lieberman-Burchard method of anhydrous acetic acid and concentrated sulfuric acid using UV-Vis spectrophotometer measurements with a maximum wavelength of 666.97 nm. Ethanol extract of gedi leaves (Abelmoschus Manihot (L.) Medik) has anti-cholesterol activity in vitro. EC50 value of gedi leaf extract (Abelmoschus Manihot (L.) Medik) that is equal to 5007.5 ppm. Research conclusions that at a concentration of 5007.5 ppm can reduce 50% of initial cholesterol. It is recommended to use gedi leaf ethanol extract as medical therapy.</em></p> Andi Nurjayanti Ilyas Rahmawati Rahmawati Harti Widiastuti ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 57 64 10.33368/woh.v0i0.216 Isolasi Dan Identifikasi Bakteri Tanah Burkholderia Pseudomalllei Penyebab Melioidosis Di Kota Makassar http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/254 <p><em>Burkholderia pseudomallei is a type of saprophytic bacteria, is an opportunistic pathogen, and as a causative agent of melioidosis. These bacteria are found living in soil, water, and agricultural fields. Cases of melioidosis have been widely reported in Asian countries, but there is not much specific information regarding the incidence of these diseases in Indonesia. The study aims to identify the soil bacteria Burkholderia pseudomalllei in Makassar City. Sampling was carried out randomly in 11 districts in Makassar City, namely Mamajang, Tamalate, Rappocini, Mariso, Bontoala, Wajo, Biringkanaya, Manggala, Tamalanrea, Tallo, and Makassar. Data analysis uses descriptive qualitative methods in the form of figures and tables. Cultivation of isolates using selective medium Ashdown Agar. Identification of bacteria using gram staining, and several biochemical tests. The results were obtained as many as 100 isolates of samples, each of 28 isolates of Burkholderia pseudomalllei positive samples and 72 isolates of other types of bacteria. The study concluded that there was a spread of the Burkholderia pseudomallei bacterium in Makassar City, so it was suggested to be a reference for further research on melioidosis</em></p> Nur Faidah Munir Nur Wahyuni Munir ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 65 72 10.33368/woh.v0i0.254 Pengelolaan Limbah Medis Padat Di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Mamuju Provinsi Sulawesi Barat http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/255 <p><em>The hospital as an institution whose task is to provide health services to the community, is inseparable from the responsibility for the health of the surrounding environment, namely managing medical waste properly (as required). The purpose of this study is to determine the management of solid medical waste in the Mamuju District General Hospital, West Sulawesi Province in 2019. The type of research used is observational with descriptive approach, the population is all rooms that are included in the medical category and the sample is all populations that are used the sample. Sampling will use a total sample system (exhaustic sampling). Processing and analyzing the observational data is then processed manually and grouped according to purpose. The results showed that sorting, storage, transportation, temporary shelter and final disposal site did not meet the requirements in accordance with the Republic of Indonesia Decree No. Kepmenkes. 1204 / Menkes / SK / X / 2004, because some rooms have not been sorted out medical or non-medical waste even though the container has been prepared according to the type of waste, the container is difficult to clean and empty because some containers are not equipped with plastic bags, the transport process uses lines general so that disrupt hospital activities. In addition, the hospital waste temporary shelter only has a 4 x 4 room located behind the hospital and does not separate medical and non-medical waste. Hospital waste disposal equipment is not used because it does not yet have an operational permit. The conclusion of the research is that the management of solid medical waste in hospitals has not yet met the requirements. It is recommended that the implementation of management runs well, required standard operating procedures on how to manage waste at the source, training on waste sorting techniques according to its type and obtaining an operation permit for the use of an incinerator</em></p> Andi Rizki Amelia Annisa Ismayanti Arni Rizqiani Rusydi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 73 85 10.33368/woh.v0i0.255 Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Etanol Dan Fraksinya Dari Kulit Batang Rambutan (Nephelium Lappaceum Linn) Menggunakan Metode DPPH http://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/259 <p><em>The bark of the rambutan plant (Nephelium Lappaceum Linn) is a plant that contains flavonoid compounds that can be used as antioxidants. This study aims to determine the IC50 value of ethanol extract along with fractions of n-hexane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol from rambutan bark. The ethanol extract was obtained by the maceration method using 70% ethanol and then 96% ethanol. The fractionation process uses n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol. Testing antioxidant activity using the DPPH method by looking at the IC50 value. The results showed that ethanol extract obtained IC50 of 24.21 ppm, n-hexane fraction of 3149.84 ppm, ethyl acetate fraction of 9.05 ppm, the n-butanol fraction of 19.74 ppm and gallic acid as a comparison of 2.27 ppm. The greater the IC50 value, the weaker the antioxidant activity will be. Based on this value, ethanol extract, ethyl acetate fraction and n-butanol fraction have very strong antioxidant activity that is &lt;50 ppm. Whereas the n-hexane fraction has weak antioxidant activity (&gt; 150 ppm). The conclusion that the antioxidant activity of rambutan stem bark belongs to the very strong category in ethanol extract, ethyl fraction and varying n-butanol fraction. But in the n-hexane fraction, values ​​are included in the weak category. It is recommended that the results of this study be continued in the manufacture of pharmaceutical preparations such as in cosmetics.</em></p> Tisa Mandala Sari Hazli Nurdin Elin Andika Putri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-01-25 2020-01-25 86 94 10.33368/woh.v0i0.259