Faktor Lingkungan yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis Di Kabupaten Kuningan

  • Nissa Noor Annashr Universitas Siliwangi
  • Icca Stella Amalia Departemen Kesehatan Masyarakat STIKes Kuningan

Abstract

Filariasis is an infectious disease caused by worms, which can attack the lymphatic system, resulting in abnormal enlargement of body parts, pain, severe disability, and social stigma. The spread of filariasis was influenced by various factors, one of them was environmental factors. Kuningan is one of the districts that become filariasis endemic areas in West Java. The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationship of environmental factors with filariasis cases. This study included analytic observational research using a case-control study design. The comparison of cases and controls was 1: 2. The population was all filariasis cases in Kuningan District, which amounted to 16 cases. The sampling technique used total sampling so that the sample size was 16 for the case group. The sampling technique for the control group used purposive sampling. The sample size for the control group was 32. The data on environmental factors and filariasis was taken by observation and interview. Data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. The bivariate analysis used a chi-square and fisher exact test, then multivariate analysis used multiple logistic regression. Bivariate analysis showed that from 12 independent variables, there were 3 variables that had a significant relationship with filariasis. Variable of wastewater disposal system, the presence of wire netting, ceiling construction had significant relationship with filariasis (p1 = 0.041 OR = 3.667 ; p2 = 0.03 OR = 5.44 and p3 = 0.033 OR = 3,857). This study proved that the wastewater disposal system was a dominant factor affecting filariasis.

 

References

1. Meliyanie G, Andiarsa D. Program Eliminasi Lymphatic Filariasis di Indonesia. J Heal Epidemiol Commun Dis. 2017;3(2):63–70.
2. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Filariasis di Indonesia. Jakarta; 2010.
3. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2014. Jakarta; 2015.
4. Ikhwan Z, Herawati L, Suharti. Environmental , Behavioral Factors and Filariasis Incidence in Bintan District , Riau Islands Province. Kesmas Natl Public Heal Journal. 2016;11(3):39–45.
5. Mangguang M, Kusnanto H, Lazuardi L. RISK FACTORS FILARIASIS INCIDENT BY GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPROACH IN. Int J Recent Adv Multidiscip Res. 2015;02(06):0463–70.
6. Amelia R. Analisis Faktor Risiko Kejadian Penyakit Filariasis. Unnes J Public Heal. 2014;3(1):1–12.
7. Yanuarini C. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Filariasis Di Puskesmas Tirto I Kabupaten Pekalongan. Fikkes J Keperawatan. 2015;8(1):73–86.
8. Purnama W, Nurjazuli, Raharjo M. Faktor Lingkungan dan Perilaku Masyarakat yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kecamatan Muara Pawan Kabupaten Ketapang Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 2017;16(1):8–16.
9. Rahanyamtel R, Nurjazuli, Sulistiyani. Faktor Lingkungan dan Praktik Masyarakat Berkaitan Dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Semarang. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 2019;18(1):8–11.
10. Baharuddin A. Efektivitas Ekstrak Dahan Kelor Terhadap Mortalitas Larva Aedes aegypti. Wind Heal J. 2018;1(1):10–5.
11. Rahmat A, Rahmayanti D, Rachmawati K. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Barito Kuala. J Keperawatan dan Kesehatab. 2020;8(1):48–58.
12. Komaria RH, Faisya HAF, Sunarsih E. ANALISIS DETERMINAN LINGKUNGAN FISIK DAN PERILAKU PREVENTIF TERHADAP KASUS FILARIASIS DI KECAMATAN TALANG KELAPA DAN KECAMATAN SEMBAWA KABUPATEN BANYUASIN Rahayu. J Ilmu Kesehat Masy. 2016;7(2):108–17.
13. Ferlianti R, Putri GPH, Adria F, Wijaya FR, Devi F, Fitriani, et al. Hubungan Faktor Lingkungan Fisik Dalam Dan Luar Rumah Dengan Kejadian Filariasis Di Jatisampurna Bekasi The Association Between Physical Environment Factors Inside and Outside of The House With Incidences of Filariasis in Jatisampurna Bekasi. J Kedokt Yars. 2018;26(1):1–11.
14. Upadhyayula SM, Mutheneni SR, Kadiri MR, Kumaraswamy S, Nagalla B. A Cohort Study of Lymphatic Filariasis on Socio Economic Conditions in Andhra Pradesh , India. PLOS ONE J. 2012;7(3):1–8.
15. Juriastuti P, Kartika M, Djaja IM, Susanna D. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN FILARIASIS DI KELURAHAN JATI SAMPURNA. J MAKARA Kesehat. 2010;14(1):31–6.
16. Pulungan ES, Santi DN, Chahaya I. HUBUNGAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN PERUMAHAN DAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DENGAN KEJADIAN FILARIASIS DI KECAMATAN KAMPUNG RAKYAT KABUPATEN LABUHAN BATU SELATAN TAHUN 2012. FKM USU. 2012;1–10.
17. Afra D, Harminarti N, Abdiana. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman Tahun 2010-2013. J Kesehat Andalas. 2016;5(1):111–9.
18. Sipayung M, Wahjuni CU, Devy S. Pengaruh Lingkungan Biologi Dan Upaya Pelayanan Kesehatan Terhadap Kejadian Filariasis Limfatik Di Kabupaten Sarmi. J Berk Epidemiol. 2014;2(2):263–73.
19. Mardiana, Lestari EW, Perwitasari D. Faktor-Faktor yang menyebabkan Filariasis di Indonesia (Data Riskesdas2007). J Ekol Kesehat. 2011;10(2):83–92.
20. Sularno S, Nurjazuli, Raharjo M. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Filariasis Di Kecamatan Buaran Kabupaten Pekalongan. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 2017;16(1):22–8.
21. Lestari SD, Indarjo S. ANALISIS PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK PENCEGAHAN FILARIASIS DI KELURAHAN KERTOHARJO KOTA PEKALONGAN TAHUN 2016-2017. Unnes J Public Heal. 2017;6(4):209–17.
Published
2021-01-27
How to Cite
Annashr, N., & Amalia, I. (2021). Faktor Lingkungan yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis Di Kabupaten Kuningan. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 85-97. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v0i0.269
Section
Articles